Mr. Corridor’s best-known hits with the second-wave ska revival group embody “Gangsters” (1979), “Too A lot Too Younger” (1980) and “Ghost Town” (1981), a monitor whose bleak lyrics got here to embody the sense of alienation gripping England’s postindustrial cities and cities. It was a haunting soundtrack to the summer season of riotous unrest that gripped neighborhoods within the nation’s cities one month after its launch.
1000’s of largely Black younger folks clashed in riots with law enforcement officials in additional than 20 British cities that summer season, as unemployment charges soared and tensions with police boiled over, leading to the arrests of more than 1,200 people.
“Ghost City,” which catapulted the Specials to large recognition, was recorded over 10 days in April 1981 in central England’s Leamington Spa, based on a historical past of the band shared on its web site.
“It captured how we have been feeling — not simply in Coventry, however we have been touring within the north and noticed all these factories closing down, all these folks turning into unemployed,” Mr. Corridor advised the Big Issue magazine in a 2021 interview.
The monitor, which spent three weeks on the high of the British charts, was finally what led the band to breaking apart — a call made by its members in a dressing room following a reside musical look on the tv program “Prime of the Pops,” the Specials mentioned.
“We have been anticipated to get a gold disc for that report, however I discovered that fairly horrible. Why do we’d like that reward?” Mr. Corridor recalled in the 2021 interview. “Our nation’s in a large number, do you want my gold report? It felt like the proper second to cease.”
“We’d gone from seven youngsters behind a van to being introduced with gold discs,” he added, “and I by no means felt massively snug with that.”
Along with being the frontman with the Specials — which disbanded in 1981 earlier than regrouping in 2009 — Mr. Corridor carried out with bands Enjoyable Boy Three, the Colourfield and Vegas.
Terence Edward Corridor was born in Coventry, England, on March 19, 1959, to a household that labored within the metropolis’s then-thriving automobile trade.
In 2019, he mentioned in interviews that he had been kidnapped by a instructor at 12 and brought to France, the place he was sexually abused for 4 days earlier than being deserted on a roadside. The trauma left him in a state of melancholy and hooked on Valium, which he had been prescribed. “I didn’t go to high school, I didn’t do something,” he mentioned. “I simply sat on my mattress rocking for eight months.”
He wrote about his anguish in “Well Fancy That!,” recorded in 1983 by Enjoyable Boy Three. The lyrics embody the strains: “On faculty journeys to France/ Nicely fancy that/ You had fun/ Turned intercourse into crime.”
Mr. Corridor mentioned he suffered from psychological sickness a lot of his life. He held odd jobs, together with apprentice hairdresser, earlier than deciding to pursue music after seeing the Intercourse Pistols in live performance.
The Specials fused parts of Nineteen Sixties-era ska — with its roots in Jamaican dance music and imported American R&B — with British punk. The resulting 2-Tone movement, so named for the biracial lineups of its bands, turned in style on the nation’s radio stations within the late Seventies, and was often called ska’s “second wave.”
Recognized for making a soundtrack that captured the temper of the late Seventies, the Specials have been one among Britain’s most distinguished multiracial music teams, and lots of of its songs grappled with modern racist violence. Mr. Corridor shared frontman duties with Neville Staple, a Jamaican-born Black performer who specialised in toasting, a method of rapping.
“Simply since you’re a Black boy, simply since you’re a White boy, it doesn’t imply you’ve bought to hate him, it doesn’t imply you’ve bought to combat,” Mr. Corridor sang in “Doesn’t Make it Alright,” one of many Specials’ slower tracks.
In a 2021 interview with the Financial Times, he described how the band’s music gigs have been focused by racist hooligans.
“It bought actually excessive,” Mr. Corridor recalled. “We have been enjoying with Insanity in a college city someplace, we walked offstage and there have been casualties all around the dressing room. Individuals who had been reduce and slashed. It appeared like an emergency room. It was heartbreaking, the very last thing we needed to see.”
British musician Billy Bragg described the Specials as “a celebration of how British tradition was invigorated by Caribbean immigration,” in a Twitter tribute posted to Mr. Hall. The musician’s onstage demeanor, he added, “was a reminder that they have been within the critical enterprise of difficult our notion of who we have been within the late Seventies.”